USEFUL CONSTANTS for WATER: c = 4186 J/kg A^{o}C
= 1.00 cal/gm A ^{o}C ,

_{
Lf} = 3.33x10^{5} J/kg = 79.7 cal/gm

L_{v} = 2.26x10^{6} J/kg = 540 cal/gm

ICE: c = 2090 J/kg A ^{o}C
= 0.500 cal/gm A ^{o}C

STEAM: c = 2010 J/kg A^{o}C
= 0.480 cal/gm A ^{o}C

pressure: 1.00 atm = 1.01 x 10^{5} N/m^{2}

3] A solid wood sphere floats in alcohol (r
= 0.806 x 10^{3} kg/m^{3}) such that exactly one half
of
the

sphere is submerged in the
fluid.

A} Find the density of the wood.

ANSWER: 403 kg/m^{3}

B}
Give the name and __define__ the principle involved in the solution
of this problem.

ANSWER: Archimedes principle

4]
A concrete canoe must be constructed
such that
most of its volume is air to insure that it will float in

water. Assume such a canoe can be
approximated as a
uniform solid cube with sides 2.0 meters in length.

When placed in water, the cube floats upright
with its bottom 1.5 meters below the water surface.

A)
Find the
average density for the concrete
canoe.
ANS: 0.75 gm/cm^3

B)
Find the
absolute pressure at the bottom
of the canoe.
ANS: 1.16 x 10^5 Pa

1] A semicircular area of radius 10.00 cm is cut
into
the side of a large flat piece of

steel at 20.00^{o}C. What is the final total area of
the semicircle if the piece of steel is

heated to 200.0^{o}C ? [ for steel, ( a
= 11.0 x 10^{-6} /^{ o}C ) ]

Answer: 157.6 cm^{2}

2] What mass of ice that is initially at -15.0^{o}C
is needed to cool 250 gm of water in a

150 gm glass container from 20.0^{o}C down to 5.0^{o}C
? [for glass, c = 0.20 cal/(g ^{o}C) ]

Answer: 45.6 gm

3] Suppose your skin has an emissivity of 0.70 and
that 0.27 m^{2 } of bare skin is exposed to

the air which is at a temperature of 20^{o}C. Assume
your skin is at a temperature of 37^{o}C and

determine the net power radiated by this exposed area of skin.

Answer: 20 W

1] The
typical speed of sound in air is given as
340 m/s. Assume the molar mass of
air to be

29.0 gm/mole. At what temperature (in^{o}C )
will
the air molecules have an average (or rms)

speed equal to the typical speed of sound?

2] A 3.50 liter tank of oxygen is at a temperature of 20.0^{o}C
and a
pressure of 25.0 atmospheres.

ANSW: 0.116 kg

4] If 14.4 grams of steam at 150^{o}C are added to 300 grams of
water at
10.0 ^{o}C , what final equilibrium

temperature is reached ?

3] The door on a wood stove used for heating a room is a square iron plate (25 cm on a side) with a

thickness of 1.25 cm. The temperature inside the stove is 250^{o}C while the
temperature on the outside

door face is 200^{o}C. How much heat
passes through the door in 1 hour? (k
= 79.5 J/s**·**m**·**^{o}C for iron)

29.0 gm/mole. At what temperature (in

speed equal to the typical speed of sound?

2] A 3.50 liter tank of oxygen is at a temperature of 20.0

If the molecular mass of
oxygen is 32.0 gm/mole, what is the mass
of oxygen in the tank?

4] If 14.4 grams of steam at 150

temperature is reached ?

ANSW: 40 degrees Celsius

3] The door on a wood stove used for heating a room is a square iron plate (25 cm on a side) with a

thickness of 1.25 cm. The temperature inside the stove is 250

door face is 200

4] Air has a much lower thermal conductivity than
foam insulation. Why then do we put foam

insulation in the walls and ceilings of houses?

Answer: To prevent convection. It is
"dead" air spaces that are needed. In open wall and ceiling

spaces the air will convect heat from inner "warm"
walls to the outer "cold" walls.

MULTIPLE
CHOICE QUESTION

1) Studies of the expansion of metals show that different
metals

A) expand at different rates when heated

B) expand at different rates when cooled

C) expand at the same rates when heated

D) expand at the same rates when cooled

E) don't expand until a certain temperature is
reached

A) energy is not transferred

B) energy is transferred from the cooler object to the warmer object

C) energy is transferred from the warmer object to the cooler object

D) the objects transfer energy to their surroundings, but not to each other

3) On a sunny day, your clothing becomes hot because

A) light is absorbed and changed to energy in the form of heat

B) light and energy are reflected off of your clothing

C) light and energy are transmitted from your clothing

D) energy is transmitted and light is reflected from your clothing

4) An assumption below that is not a part of those made for the kinetic theory of gases is

A) the number of molecules is small

B) the molecules obey Newton's laws of motion

C) collisions between molecules are elastic

D) the gas is a pure substance

E) the average separation between molecules is large compared to their dimensions

5) An amount of energy is added to ice, raising its temperature from -10 C to -5 C. A larger amount of energy

is added to liquid water (of the same mass as the ice) to raise its temperature from 15 C to 20 C. From these

results we can conclude that,

A) overcoming the latent heat of fusion of ice requires an input of energy

B) the latent heat of fusion of ice delivers some energy to the system

C) the specific heat of ice is less than that of water

D) the specific heat of ice is greater than that of water

6) Water pressure is the greatest against the

a. top of a submerged object

b. bottom of a submerged object

c. sides of a submerged object

d. is the same for all surfaces

e. none of the above

7) The buoyant force on an object will have its smallest value when the object is

a. only partly submerged

b. completely submerged but near the surface

c. completely submerged but near the bottom

d. the force is the same whether it is partly or completely submerged

8) When Bernoulli's principle is used to explain lift for an airplane wing, it describes

A) the wing as moving through the air so fast that all air pressure around it decreases to almost zero

B) the air moving over the top of the wing as having a slower speed than the air below the wing

C) the air moving over the top of the wing as having a greater speed than the air below the wing

D) the wing as creating a great deal of turbulence which supports the weight of the plane

ANSWERS

1. a

2. c

3. a

4. a

5. c

6. b

7. a

8. c