Concepts & Terms for  CH's  9, 10, 11

CH 9
Basic properties of 4 states of matter:   solid, liquid, gas, plasma
Compare and contrast the states of solid, liquid, and gas
General definition of pressure versus pressure with depth in a fluid
Conditions for an "ideal" fluid
Pascal's principle and application to hydraulics
definition of buoyant force in a fluid
Archimedes principle and application to floating and submerged objects
Equation of continuity and conservation principles associated with it
Bernoulli's equation and conservation principles associated with it

CH 10
Definition of Temperature  (note relative scale usually measured as for Fahrenheit or Celsius scales)
Distinguish between temperature and heat
Definition and importance of absolute temperature (Kelvin scale)
Definition and example of zeroth law of thermodymanics
Explain how a thermometer works
Explain the process of thermal expansion on the microscopic level
Describe linear versus area versus volume expansion for materials
Distinguish between the macroscopic and microscopic descriptions of an ideal gas
Know basic relations between pressure, volume, and temperature for ideal gas (Boyle's law and Charle's law)
Know distinction between macroscopic "moles" and microscopic (Avogadro's #) in reference to ideal gas
Relate kinetic theory of gases to temperature definition (avg KE of molecule)
Know Temperature - Energy connection for ideal gases and internal energy definition for gas

CH 11
Know definition of heat and connection to measures of temperature
Compare and contrast energy transfer methods (conduction, convection, radiation)
Know microscopic description of processes for internal energy of a gas
Relate calorie to joule and definition of Joule's constant
Know definitions of specific and latent heat, recognize differences in scale of values and importance of water
Understand calorimetry as an application of the conservation of energy principle
Be able to give or recognize examples of energy transfer methods